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Old Aug 13th 2010, 05:31 PM   #1
 
  Mar 2009
  Blairstown, LA
State Agencies Issue Anthrax Advisory

AUSTIN--The Texas Animal Health Commission, and Texas Parks and Wildlife

Department have issued a summer and early fall alert for ranchers, hunters and

anyone who may be going afield in Texas. One case of anthrax has been

confirmed in a white-tailed deer herd on a game ranch in Uvalde County, which is

in an area of South Texas endemic to anthrax. Although humans are also

susceptible, no cases have been reported to date, and simple precautions can

effectively reduce the risks of humans contracting the disease.

Anthrax is a bacterial disease of sheep, goats, cattle, horses, deer and other

animals. The bacteria which cause anthrax can remain dormant in the soil for

many years. A period of drought followed by heavy rains frequently occurs just

before the appearance of anthrax in livestock and deer. Animals that eat the

rapidly growing grasses also consume soil that contains the bacteria. Currently,

soil conditions are right to produce more outbreaks around the triangular

geographic area bounded by Uvalde, Ozona and Eagle Pass, which cover

portions of Crockett, Val Verde, Sutton, Edwards, Kinney, and Maverick counties.

Transmission of anthrax to humans can occur whether an affected animal is alive

or has died from the disease. Simple precautions can greatly reduce the risk of

contracting the disease from these animals. Carcasses of dead livestock and

deer should not be cut open to allow blood to escape. Under no circumstances

should the hide, hair, skulls, or horns of an animal suspected of having anthrax

be salvaged, nor should the meat of these animals be eaten.

During an anthrax outbreak, hunters in the affected areas are discouraged from

taking feral hogs because they consume the meat of dead animals and could be

carrying the bacteria. Fortunately, by the time deer hunting season starts, cool

weather usually puts an end to the often seasonal anthrax outbreak. At minimum,

hunters should harvest only healthy-looking deer and other hoof stock. If a deer

has ingested anthrax bacteria, within hours, it will stagger, tremble or exhibit

convulsions, and death is inevitable.

When an area experiences an anthrax outbreak, ranchers should wear long

sleeves and gloves when handling or vaccinating livestock. Afterward, good

sanitation measures should be followed, including hand washing and laundering

of clothing. This aids in preventing contact with the anthrax bacteria which may

have been picked up on the hides of animals. Do not pick up bones, horns or

shed antlers, and pets and children should be kept away from dead animals.

Healthy animals also should be moved from a contaminated pasture during an

outbreak, but must remain on the premise and not hauled down the road to

another pasture.

To prevent additional soil contamination, Texas Animal Health Commission

regulations require that anthrax affected animal carcasses must be burned, until

thoroughly consumed, along with any associated bedding and manure. This

practice prevents wild pigs, coyotes, dogs or other predators from dragging

carcasses (and the accompanying anthrax bacteria) from one pasture to another,

and spilling out the anthrax spores.

TAHC regulations also require that livestock on infected premises be

quarantined for at least 10 days after all the livestock have been vaccinated

against the disease. During this time, anthrax-exposed animals may still die from

the disease, while healthy, vaccinated animals will develop immunity.

All anthrax cases--suspected or laboratory confirmed--must be reported to the

TAHC. The regulatory agency operates a 24-hour hotline at 1-800-550-8242,

with state or federal regulatory veterinarians available at all times to take calls

and work with private veterinary practitioners and producers.

More information about anthrax is available by contacting the TPWD Wildlife

Division at (512) 389-4505, The Texas Animal Health Commission at (512) 719-

0710, or the Zoonosis Control Division, Texas Department of State Health

Services, at (512) 458-7255.

On the net:

http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/idcu/disease/anthrax/

http://www.tahc.state.tx.us/animal_h...x/anthrax.html





State Agencies Issue Anthrax Advisory

AUSTIN--The Texas Animal Health Commission, and Texas Parks and Wildlife

Department have issued a summer and early fall alert for ranchers, hunters and

anyone who may be going afield in Texas. One case of anthrax has been

confirmed in a white-tailed deer herd on a game ranch in Uvalde County, which is

in an area of South Texas endemic to anthrax. Although humans are also

susceptible, no cases have been reported to date, and simple precautions can

effectively reduce the risks of humans contracting the disease.

Anthrax is a bacterial disease of sheep, goats, cattle, horses, deer and other

animals. The bacteria which cause anthrax can remain dormant in the soil for

many years. A period of drought followed by heavy rains frequently occurs just

before the appearance of anthrax in livestock and deer. Animals that eat the

rapidly growing grasses also consume soil that contains the bacteria. Currently,

soil conditions are right to produce more outbreaks around the triangular

geographic area bounded by Uvalde, Ozona and Eagle Pass, which cover

portions of Crockett, Val Verde, Sutton, Edwards, Kinney, and Maverick counties.

Transmission of anthrax to humans can occur whether an affected animal is alive

or has died from the disease. Simple precautions can greatly reduce the risk of

contracting the disease from these animals. Carcasses of dead livestock and

deer should not be cut open to allow blood to escape. Under no circumstances

should the hide, hair, skulls, or horns of an animal suspected of having anthrax

be salvaged, nor should the meat of these animals be eaten.

During an anthrax outbreak, hunters in the affected areas are discouraged from

taking feral hogs because they consume the meat of dead animals and could be

carrying the bacteria. Fortunately, by the time deer hunting season starts, cool

weather usually puts an end to the often seasonal anthrax outbreak. At minimum,

hunters should harvest only healthy-looking deer and other hoof stock. If a deer

has ingested anthrax bacteria, within hours, it will stagger, tremble or exhibit

convulsions, and death is inevitable.

When an area experiences an anthrax outbreak, ranchers should wear long

sleeves and gloves when handling or vaccinating livestock. Afterward, good

sanitation measures should be followed, including hand washing and laundering

of clothing. This aids in preventing contact with the anthrax bacteria which may

have been picked up on the hides of animals. Do not pick up bones, horns or

shed antlers, and pets and children should be kept away from dead animals.

Healthy animals also should be moved from a contaminated pasture during an

outbreak, but must remain on the premise and not hauled down the road to

another pasture.

To prevent additional soil contamination, Texas Animal Health Commission

regulations require that anthrax affected animal carcasses must be burned, until

thoroughly consumed, along with any associated bedding and manure. This

practice prevents wild pigs, coyotes, dogs or other predators from dragging

carcasses (and the accompanying anthrax bacteria) from one pasture to another,

and spilling out the anthrax spores.

TAHC regulations also require that livestock on infected premises be

quarantined for at least 10 days after all the livestock have been vaccinated

against the disease. During this time, anthrax-exposed animals may still die from

the disease, while healthy, vaccinated animals will develop immunity.

All anthrax cases--suspected or laboratory confirmed--must be reported to the

TAHC. The regulatory agency operates a 24-hour hotline at 1-800-550-8242,

with state or federal regulatory veterinarians available at all times to take calls

and work with private veterinary practitioners and producers.

More information about anthrax is available by contacting the TPWD Wildlife

Division at (512) 389-4505, The Texas Animal Health Commission at (512) 719-

0710, or the Zoonosis Control Division, Texas Department of State Health

Services, at (512) 458-7255.

On the net:

http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/idcu/disease/anthrax/

http://www.tahc.state.tx.us/animal_h...x/anthrax.html
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