Nutrition


Reindeer Feeding and Nutritional Requirements

As with all animals, nutrition is a very important part in growth, productivity and development. Reindeer are no different. Although their needs are considerably less than the average farm animal, they still have certain needs that have to be met in order for healthy, happy, productive reindeer. In the wild, caribou and reindeer have available … Continue reading

Pastures for Deer in Southern United States

Profitability of deer farming, as with other livestock operations is enhanced when adapted forages are utilized to meet as much of the nutrient requirements of the animal as possible. Feeding of protein, energy (grain), and mineral supplements is costly and requires additional labor and equipment. Supplementation, however, is still required when the nutrient levels of … Continue reading

Pasture Management for Elk

Elk are versatile and efficient plant eaters. They happily graze and browse an almost endless variety of grasses, forbs, shrubs and trees – but they eat only the choice parts of each one! The rule to remember in supplying forage to elk is YTRG – young, tender, rapidly growing. If you are comparing elk to … Continue reading

Nutritional Requirements for Deer and Elk

Elk are ruminants, like cattle and sheep, and therefore can make use of fibrous feeds because of the microbes that aid digestion in their rumen. However, ruminants vary in their selection and use of fibrous feeds. Fallow and whitetail deer are very selective eaters, choosing to consume only the most succulent and digestible plants and … Continue reading

Feeding Whitetails During a Drought

The recent drought has made the business of feeding whitetail deer pretty complicated as producers look for feed alternatives and ways to control costs. Cattle are easier to feed since they have been bred and adapted over hundreds of generations to farm production. However, deer have a digestive system that remains more closely linked to … Continue reading

Feeding Farmed White-Tailed Deer

The following factors are important to consider when planning a sound feeding program for white-tailed deer. •Good nutrition is required to maximize conception rates and improve fawning percentages. White-tailed deer that do not go into winter in good condition will not survive the winter. White-tailed deer are browsers or selective grazers who prefer high quality … Continue reading

Feeding Elk after a Drought

The drought facing western Canadian farmers this year has devastated many farms. It has affected all types of farmers, elk and deer farmers included. A friend of mine was giving directions to a trucker who was hauling hay from Manitoba to his farm. After the directions were given, the trucker humorously stated something about us … Continue reading

Avoiding and Treating Grain Overload

Grain overload, also known as “Lactic Acidosis” or “Acute Carbohydrate Engorgement”, is a condition experienced by ruminants such as cattle, sheep and goats. Wild ruminants such as elk and deer appear to be more susceptible to this condition than traditional livestock species. Acidosis usually occurs when animals have consumed large quantities of cereal grains or … Continue reading